Villein – A non-free man who is bound to the country to a lord who falls under his court and who is subject to certain feudal taxes. The richest class of peasants. It generally operated 20 to 40 hectares of land. A vassal subject[1] or subject of sleeping[2] is a person considered in the context of the feudal system in medieval Europe as a reciprocal obligation to a Lord or Monarch. Commitments often included military support from knights in exchange for certain privileges, usually also land held as tenants or fiefdoms. [3] This term also applies to similar schemes in other feudal societies. Since the plague did not exploit large agricultural land, it was made available for grazing, resulting in an increase in meat on the market; Meat and dairy consumption increased, as did beef and butter exports from the Netherlands, Scandinavia and northern Germany. But the upper class has often tried to stop these changes, first in Western and Eastern Europe, with more vigour and success, by introducing swampy laws. They regulated what men (especially the peasant class) could wear so that the nobles could ensure that the peasants did not dress up in their high wealth and acted as upper-class members. Another tactic was to set prices and wages so that farmers could no longer apply with increasing value. In England, the status of the workers of 1351 was imposed, which meant that no peasant could claim more wages than in 1346. This was done with different successes depending on the amount of rebellion that inspired it; Such a law was one of the reasons for the peasant revolt of 1381 in England. The king gave goods or appointments (functions) to masters or convantes, who in turn passed them on to sub-invasives.

The lower vassals would then lease the land for exploitation by non-free farmers. There were no feudal relations between the peasants and the lower vassals. Farmers generally made hot porridge of wheat, oats and barley. Broths, stews, vegetables and bread were also part of the farmers` diet. Farmers rarely eat meat, and when they did, it was their own animals that were saved for the winter. Farmers drank wine and water, never water. In this context, a formal colony or a “junior ally” could also be considered a vassal state in terms of international relations, such as a “fief owner” or a national “fiefdom”.